Fractional laser facial rejuvenation is not a new service in the cosmetic industry, but one that is effective and affordable.
Fractional photothermia (DOT therapy or DOT rejuvenation) solves several problems at once - it stimulates cell renewal, eliminates the effects of inflammatory processes (post-acne), associated changesto age and scarring.
Not inferior in efficiency compared to surgical intervention, facial rejuvenation by surgery is not invasive, so the recovery time is short and there are few side effects.
In the article we will mention a modern safe method of rejuvenation without surgical intervention - the fraxel procedure.
Laser fractional photothermolysis - what is it?
The founders of this method are a corporation from the United States, which in 2004 developed and introduced to the market the first prototype of the Fraxel fractional erbium laser. By the name of the first patented installation, the process itself was later called.
The operating principle of the device is based on fractional photothermolysis. A thin laser beam at the exit from the installation is divided into even smaller sections (hence the name), each of which, when passing through the skin, forms a microthermal treatment area. (MLZ) within its limits, has a column or well shape.
Within the boundary of the MLZ, there is a strong temperature rise to limit the values and subsequent coagulation. As a result, cells are subjected to heat shock, and the oldest cells are destroyed. In addition, weakened fibroblasts are also destroyed. The keratinocytes, which make up the stratum corneum of the epidermis, are also destroyed. Thus, ≈20% of cells die in the process.
In response to this, the skin begins to renew itself vigorously, producing young and healthy cells. Connective tissues are strengthened by new collagen and elastin molecules. As a result of re-epithelialization of the epidermis, surface defects are smoothed.
Indications for implementation and advantages of the method
Fractional laser facial treatment has many indications:
- changes in the structure of the epidermis, dermis, collagen, connective tissue;
- Enlarged pores;
- skin hyperpigmentation;
- horny horns;
- hypertrophic and atrophic scars;
- after acne;
- to take a photo;
- wilting, wilting and preventing them.
Fractional laser facial rejuvenation has several advantages over other CO2 laser rejuvenation methods:
- non-traumatic with greater depth of exposure (the laser beam, divided into small parts, works at the depth of the skin without damaging the surface layers);
- multi-purpose skin treatments (internal cell regeneration, external resurfacing);
- universality of the area of impact (suitable for all skin types and face areas);
- the procedure is short-term, without side effects, without preliminary preparation and a long recovery;
- Visible and lasting results.
How the procedure?
Fraxel sessions are strictly regulated and always go the same way. No special preparation is required for it. From the very beginning, the doctor conducts a survey to determine contraindications. The face must then be freed from surface contaminants - decorative and care cosmetics, as well as dust and skin wastes.
If necessary, local anesthesia with lidocaine gel is performed. Next, the doctor proceeds with the treatment, paying special attention to the problem areas. Need to drive the nozzle quickly so as not to cause burns. Followed by a final treatment with antiseptic solution and lotion.
The procedure takes no more than 40 minutes. Thanks to anesthesia, the session is not accompanied by pain. Even without treatment with anesthetic, the sensation will be reduced to a slight burning sensation.
Rehabilitation and skin care consultation
Rehabilitation after fraxel - rejuvenation is short-term and mild. Immediately after the session, congestion of the soft tissues, hyperpigmentation in the upper layers of the epidermis, and the appearance of scaly areas can be observed. This is a natural response of the body to intervention, it can heal and resolve on its own within a few days.
In the event of an increased anchorage and crust there is no need to remove it. It acts like a natural tampon and will come off on its own. From performing dissection at this time, it is necessary to refuse.
Remember that in the first 2 days after the treatment, the facial skin is still very sensitive and vulnerable, you should limit the use of strong cleansers, and care as lightly as possible. You can conduct a course of restorative masks, supplementing their effects with lotions and moisturizers containing panthenol, which accelerate the healing process.
For the same reason, you should protect your facial skin from exposure to UV radiation, stay out of direct sunlight, and postpone going to the solarium and beach. To make the results as long-lasting as possible, it is recommended to use skin care cosmetics with hyaluronic acid in the future.
Results and number of procedures required
Due to the division of the laser beam into small parts, the injured areas of the cell are small in size and surrounded on all sides by intact tissue. As a result, the recovery process takes place at a rapid pace and is completely finished in 2-3 days.
After the recovery period, the skin is smooth, wrinkles disappear, growth marks are removed, scars and scars are tightened. Increased fibroblast production produces a lifting effect. In addition, fractional pyrolysis can return healthy skin tone and improve wrinkling, making the skin look healthy, something that mechanical skin tightening cannot achieve during plastic surgery.
Results become noticeable after the first session and are fully manifested within 2-3 weeks. With this frequency, it is recommended to conduct a course of 5-6 courses to achieve the highest effect, depending on individual characteristics that lasts for several years (minimum time is 1 year).
Fraxel or fractional photothermal process: before and after imaging
Contraindications, complications and side effects
In addition to the local side effects mentioned above, itching and burning may be felt in the affected area, associated with increased re-epithelialization. They can be accompanied by a change in skin sensitivity to frostbite.
Note that although complications after photothermia are extremely rare, in 3% of cases there are:
In order to avoid undesirable consequences, during the preliminary collection of medical history, it is necessary to accurately describe the health status and past / present diseases to the doctor.
Contraindications for Fractional Facial Rejuvenation include:
- pregnancy and lactation;
- exacerbation of any chronic disease;
- inflammatory and purulent processes on the face;
- blood clotting disorders;
- any tumor;
- propensity to form keloids;
- take anticoagulants less than a week before the procedure.
The list can be expanded on a case-by-case basis.
What procedures can be associated with?
Enzyme peel is a gentle method of skin cleansing with the help of enzymes that contribute to renewal and improvement of tone.
Botox injections - a drug based on botulinum toxin type A, which is able to block the transmission of nerve impulses, which leads to temporary paralysis of the muscles.
Contouring with fillers - gels based on hyaluronic acid help to prevent rapid and painless skin aging. The injection should be given 1-2 weeks after the Fraxel procedure.
Estimated cost of Fraxel . procedure
The price of fractional photothermal varies depending on the affected area and other factors.
The results of fractional laser rejuvenation are in many ways superior to bioresurfacing or thread lifting. In response to sudden severe stress, the body uses its own abilities, enhancing them many times over.
The cost of the surgery is quite high, however, given the stable and clear results and the non-traumatic nature of the procedure, the cost will be paid at a higher rate than in the case of your round face reduction. cosmetologist.